Mexican Farm Labor Agreement with Mexico

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Mexican Farm Labor Agreement with Mexico: A Win-Win Situation

The United States and Mexico have a longstanding relationship when it comes to agriculture. Many fruits and vegetables consumed in the US come from Mexico, and a significant number of farmworkers in the US are Mexican. To ensure that both countries benefit from this relationship, the Mexican Farm Labor Agreement with Mexico was established in 1942. Here`s what you need to know about this agreement and its impact.

What is the Mexican Farm Labor Agreement with Mexico?

The Mexican Farm Labor Agreement (also known as the Bracero Program) is a bilateral agreement between the US and Mexico that allows Mexican workers to temporarily work in US agriculture. The program began during World War II when US farmers faced labor shortages due to the war effort. Since then, the agreement has been renewed several times and has undergone changes to address issues such as worker abuse, low wages, and poor working conditions.

How does the program work?

Under the program, US farmers can apply for workers from Mexico through the US Department of Labor. Mexican workers are then recruited by the Mexican government and sent to the US through the US Visa program. Workers are only allowed to work for a specific period and can only work for approved employers. The program also includes provisions to ensure that workers are paid fairly and provided with adequate living conditions.

What are the benefits of the program?

The Mexican Farm Labor Agreement benefits both the US and Mexico. US farmers benefit from access to a reliable and affordable workforce, which helps them to remain competitive and profitable. Mexican workers benefit from access to jobs that pay better than what they can earn in Mexico. They also have the opportunity to learn new skills, which they can use to improve their lives and the lives of their families.

What are the challenges?

Despite its benefits, the Mexican Farm Labor Agreement also faces challenges. One of the biggest challenges is ensuring that workers are treated fairly and provided with adequate protections. Many workers have reported abuse by their employers, including low wages, long hours, and poor living conditions. There have also been concerns about the impact of the program on US workers, with some arguing that it depresses wages and reduces job opportunities for US citizens.


The Mexican Farm Labor Agreement with Mexico has been an important part of the relationship between the US and Mexico for over 70 years. It has provided benefits for both countries, but it also faces challenges. To ensure that the program continues to be successful, it is important to address the concerns of workers and to ensure that all parties are treated fairly. By doing so, the US and Mexico can continue to work together to ensure a reliable and affordable food supply for consumers in both countries.